Basic Textile Term (yarn) -2

Textile yearn

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What is yearn?

A generic term for continues stand of a textile fibers it’s called yearn.

 

  • Different types of yearn used in fully fashion knitwear:

Basic type:

  • 100% Cotton
100% Cotton Yarn

100% Cotton Yarn

  • 100% Wool
100% Wool

100% Wool

  • Blended Wool
Blanded Wool

Blanded Wool

  • 100% Acrylic
ww_yarns

100% Acrylic

 

  • Acrylic Mélange
Acrylic Melange

Acrylic Melange

  • 100%(Combod,Corded )
100% combed-carded cotton yarn

100% combed-carded cotton yarn

  • Blend Cotton

Fancy yearn /decorative

  • Chenille
Chenille yarn

Chenille yarn

  • Rainbow chenille
Rainbow chenille

Rainbow chenille

  • Angora
Angora Yarn

Angora Yarn

  • Cashmere
Cashmere Yarn

Cashmere Yarn

  • Popcorn
Popcorn yarn

Popcorn yarn

  • Loop Yearn
Loop Yearn

Loop Yearn

  • Nap
  • Slub Yearn
Slub yarn

Slub yarn

  • Tape yearn
Tap yarn

Tap yarn

  • Filigree
filigree Yarn

filigree Yarn

  • Lurex
Lurex Yarn

Lurex Yarn

  • Feather
Feather Yarn

Feather Yarn

 

  • Rayon

 

Rayon yarn

Rayon yarn

PROPERTIES OF YARN :

Describe the wool:

  • Wool come from fleece, merino sheep a-close, uneven bulky, fluffy.
  • Worsted yearn-fine, smooth /woolen yearn-coarse, bulky.
  • Strength is poor (normal apparel fiber).
  • Protein fiber.
  • It has not good resistance to insert.
  • Do not wash.
  • Shrinkage is high.
  • 100% pure wool/virgin wool-fibers from living,

Healthy sheep, blended wool.

  • Smell like hair.
  • Moisture absorption-16%
  • Weight able fiber.
  • It has air space
  • Extensibility is good.
  • Appearance soft, fluffy. Warm.

Describe the acrylic

  • Acrylic comes from staple fibre, syenthetic.
  • Acrylic is known an acrylonitrile.
  • Cheaper, substitute of wool.
  • Strength is good.
  • It has good resistance to inserts.
  • Dry finish, wet finishes only one.
  • Shrinkage is high
  • Low density of fiber.
  • Moisture absorption -1-5%
  • Low weight
  • Appearance bulky, fluffy, warm.

Describe the cotton:

  • Cotton comes from cotton plant.
  • Strength is good.
  • Extensibility-low.
  • Elasticity- poor
  • Fineness & handle –soft, fine,
  • Next to skin-comfortable.
  • Shrinkage is high.
  • Moisture absorption -8.5%
  • Wet, dry wash applicable.
  • End use –light weight fabric.

Describe the chenille:

*Source of cotton based less velvety & hand feeling.

And acrylic based soft & more velvety.

*main properties of chenille – appearance velvety, not washable.

 

SMM-spinning metric measurement (before dyeing thin)

 

DMM-dyeing metric measurement (after dyeing thick)

 

Wastage

 

 

  • Production
  • Merchandising.
  • Material /yearn quality good or poor(chenille)
  • Type gauge 1.5,3,5,7 normal gauge
  • 10,12 fine gauge
  • Example-100% acrylic, 5 gg good strength, so wastage 4%.
  • If chenille, poor strength ,fine gauge so, wastage 4%,1%.,1%
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